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piceniLe Marche has known over time the passage of peoples and cultures. Related to the alternate fates of rulers, traveled from the struggles between church and empire, fragmented by the control of powerful families have participated in all the important moments of history preserved tracks.
The first evidence of a prehistoric date from the Lower Paleolithic: the "tonsils" emerged in the area of ​​Conero us back to prehistoric times.
Still charming and full of mysteries of the events Piceni who lived from the age of iron in the region pushing a large area in Abruzzo.
The many cemeteries bear witness to a people whose burial rites were similar to those of Venetian people and the Balkans.
Their strong unit was cleaved by two events early in the fourth century: the invasion of the Gauls (who founded Sena Gallica) north of 'el Esino' arrival of the Sabines, an Italic tribe in the south.
Meanwhile the Syracusans founded the colony of Ancona to become an important trading center. I Piceni, warrior people open to trade, hard-working and skilled in metal work, break up merging with the new realities of future Marche.
The explosive rise of Rome swept the fate of the Gauls who were defeated in a battle near Sentinum, the current Sassoferrato.
The inhabitants of these areas, and after many vicissitudes, was given Roman citizenship, while the rest of the territory was confiscated and turned into "ager publicus".
Ascoli only remained independent and became "civitas foederati" Pisaurum, Firmum are the witnesses of a wonderful presence that influenced 'urbanitsica also of many cities: some overlapped with other new and flourishing rose also favored by a road network that is in Brands two splendid examples, the Flaminia and Salaria, ambitious and inspirational works: ambitious choices high "engineering", bridges built, supports imposing tunnels dug into the rock chisel, like the tunnels Furlo stolen from a nature however difficult for the media then by the forward-looking addomestciare intelligence of men who had realized the importance of civil, economic, strategic works that are modern in their complex and heterogeneous value.

Medieval and Renaissance

The spread of Christianity, the decline of the Roman Empire, the invasions of Germanic peoples, the expansion of the government of Byzantium, the Pope's plea for help to the Franks, which resulted in the donation of the Exarchate and Pentapoli by Carlo Great, the Pope himself are events that deeply marked the Marches from a historical, social, artistic. Monasticism, creator of beautiful religious buildings, had a widespread distribution so that the monasteries were built as major centers of culture, active in the area for land reclamation, for improvements in agriculture and animal husbandry.urbino
The brand name with the Ottonian dynasty appeared that the so called border areas of 'Empire, but the continuing discord between the two powers of the time and pushed each other to seek the support of the nascent communities, which in dell'Esino south, while remaining anchored to 'apostolic authority, they enjoyed a certain autonomy.
To the north rose the strength of powerful Lord, who pushed the Malatesta to Ancona, and retreating, while the retained Pesaro Della Rovere pushed from the hinterland to the sea.
'400 In the Marches, compared to other regions, an anomalous situation lived enough to be called "the fickle state", while regional states were born elsewhere, here was the communal form of the papacy and the central government was more formal than real. This does not help to build a conscience nor regional nor provincial.
Francesco Sforza, Valentino, Francesco Maria Della Rovere pù are among the significant figures of this exuberant fragmented reality.
But in the Renaissance humanist culture located in the court of Montefeltro at Urbino, the Sforza in Pesaro, a vitality and sophistication that could compete with the courts most shining of the peninsula. Federico da Montefeltro was the 'man who knew how to combine the best human, cultural and military eseere still so much to the man emblem of that period and that culture.
At the court of Urbino gathered the biggest names of the time. Raffaello Sanzio, who grew up in 'atmosphere of the court of Urbino, he continued his work in Rome and Florence, leaving some works at home and a group of imitators that will influence, inter alia, the famous ceramics Casteldurante and Urbino. Carlo Crivelli, Lorenzo Lotto names of the Venetian who moved and worked hard in the Marche region, leaving important works that had thick to influence and revive a minor art in all their neighbors.

From the eighteenth century to the contemporary age

In the second half of the 700 spread the ideas of the Enlightenment in the region, accompanied by the cult of the region, technology and progress. A Treia, a small company of Macerata, the 'Academy of Georgica Lifted Academy became the first of its kind in the Papal States. There were studies of agronomy and we deal with social issues and education.castelfidardo The Marches were not free of the campaign 'Italy of Napoleon, whose troops occupied Pesaro, Fano, Ancona, Macerata, but the adventure of the French emperor was marked by ups and downs: a ran unconditional adherence to a broad opposition accompanied by violent clashes. In 1800, after the battle of Marengo, Napoleon gave the Marche to the papal state Ancona remained except the French. The Congress of Vienna, convened to give a new order in Europe after the defeat of Napoleon, than to divide Italy into more or less in many states under the hegemony of the Habsburg Empire, except the House of Savoy, the final delivery Marches to the Pope
The spread of the Carbonari and Mazzini's ideas, which promotes independence and unity of Italy, also in our region triggered a series of riots that led to the Austrian occupation in an attempt to quell the turmoil of unrest that prevailed in Ancona, as Ascoli and Macerata, Pesaro and Fano, Senigallia.
On 11 September 1860, the general in command of Cialdini 'Piedmontese army entered the region on Sept. 18 and defeated the papal army in Castelfidardo. The victory of the battle resulted in the liberation of the Marches sugellata by a plebiscite, which sanctioned the annexation of the region to the Kingdom 's Italy.
All this seemed to translate into new turmoil, the railway went into service Ancona-Rome and later the railroad del Tronto that clasped the capital with Rimini and Pescara. The nineteenth century was a new season: the Sferisterio born in Macerata, but also many theaters, expression of the emerging power of the bourgeoisie and a new cultural sensitivity; little jewels that hosted and continues to host major opera seasons, with the first of more famous singers Italian and foreign composers. In the late nineteenth century, the current Liberty pleasing examples left in the region, especially in beach towns where there are still villas, gardens and buildings that continue to give all 'atmosphere of these actually a sophisticated and elegant tone.
During World War Marches suffered several bombing was the huge loss of life and destruction caused by the bombing of one of the most tragic was that of Ancona in 1915. Equally heavy were the consequences of World War II that was in the Resistance, particularly in the Apennines, an event particularly strong occupant inflicting numerous casualties.
After World War II the Marches were characterized by a mainly agricultural economy which is struggling to develop and which caused a large-scale emigration, some major items such as tourism, handicrafts, small enterprises began to grow slowly and seventies sugellarono definitively that this growth we went to consolidate in the next decade.